This article is about of what is respiration in plants. Plant respiration is necessary for all higher and lower plants, most of them for a full life to breath, i.e., which can breathe air or well-defined gas environment, which is in open ground may vary depending on the relief area, such as shelterbelts, soil properties, etc. Indoors existing gas environment for the respiration of plants can be controlled ventilation, feeding carbon dioxide.
From the air plants absorb carbon dioxide and oxygen in the process of assimilation and respiration, whose intensity depends on the light, humidity, temperature and supply plant nutrients.
The respiration of plants during different periods of their development is uneven. Especially vigorously breathe germinating seeds. With the acceleration of growth in the intensity of breath, so young plants breathe more active than the elder do. In winter, the plants, this process is reduced to a minimum.
Breathe all the organs of plants, including roots. That is why you need to always keep the soil in the loose state. In addition, well-crafted soil better flowing vitality of beneficial microorganisms that ensures the mineralization of plant residues and other organic substances.
Sometimes it unfavorable conditions for the respiration of plants, occurs because of oxygen starvation, sometimes resulting in the weakening, disease and death of plants. Similar phenomena are observed during long-term flooding of parts of water, the formation of ice crust, etc. In such cases, you need to quickly take the water or break the ice crust.
Breathing is accompanied by significant heat release. Especially vigorously generates heat during respiration of fungi and bacteria. This property is based manure use in greenhouses as a bio fuel. In some plants during respiration, temperature rises a few degrees relative to the ambient temperature. Therefore, need to constantly provide the plant with fresh air, rich in oxygen. This is especially important for seed germination, seedling emergence, rooting of cuttings during the flowering plants. That is why planting seeds, cuttings, seedlings, picks should be done in loose, breathable ground, as well as systematically loosen the soil around the plants in open ground and in pots with plants.
For plant life is needed and carbon dioxide, constituting 0.03% of the total volume of air. Of carbon dioxide and water during photosynthesis, create organic matter. Experiments have shown that the enrichment of air surrounding the plant, carbon dioxide increases the growth and increasing productivity, and increase plant resistance to various diseases.
Enhance carbon power plants can be, making the soil carbonate fertilizer in the form of salts of carbonic acid, pouring water, carbonated and non-decomposed using organic fertilizers.
Fertilizing with carbon dioxide has the effect only on sunny days, and the optimal dose is to saturate the air of up to 0,3%. Individual culture gave the greatest effect and less saturated air with carbon dioxide. At the same time, excessive increase in its concentration (above 3%) leads to the destruction of plants.